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New print issue • Neue Printausgabe
⤷ PiB Guide Nº55 JULY/AUG 2024

Solo Exhibition

»Farbzauberer / Master of Color«

René Groebli

Curated by Mona Mathé

Currently closed / Vorübergehend geschlossen

Following the completion of an elaborate extension and renovation work in 2019/2020, the renowned exhibition space CHAUSSEE 36 in the heart of Berlin-Mitte will re-launch with two top-class exhibitions which could not be more different.

The extensive and diverse oeuvre of the Swiss photographer René Groebli (*1927) can hardly be reduced to one style. Always daring to do something new, he set new standards in photography. His passion for experimentation is particularly evident in his color photography. These “magical pictures” challenge conventional ways of seeing, through their play with perspective, composition, defamiliarization, but above all through the use of various photographic techniques. At a time when black and white was still considered the “colors of photography”, Groebli’s work was pioneering. His photographs tell the story of color photography and its acceptance as an artistic medium.

René Groebli was born in Zurich in 1927. After an apprenticeship as a photographer with Theo Vonow, he studied under Hans Finsler, a proponent of New Objectivity who established the first photography class at the Zurich School of Applied Arts. Groebli soon realized that New Objectivity was not his visual language, and after half a year switched to film, where he trained as a documentary cameraman. Dissatisfied with merely serving as a “henchman” in that field, however, René Groebli returned to photography. Working as a reportage photographer, he travelled in Africa and the Near and Middle East. In the mid-1950s, he founded his own photo studio for advertising and industrial photography in Zurich and specialized in color photography. He quickly made a name for himself, his reputation reaching far beyond the national borders. In 1957, he was praised as a “Master of Color” by the US magazine Popular Photography Color Annual. But René Groebli was best known for his black-and-white photographs. His first two photo books – Magie der Schiene (Rail Magic) and Das Auge der Liebe (The Eye of Love) include some of the artist’s best-known motifs today. In 1981, Groebli sold his commercial photo studio but continued to work as an artist, producing photo books and working on his image archive.

René Groebli, Photo, D39C, 1963 © René Groebli
René Groebli, Photo 1978, aus der Serie „Babylon, Babylon“, Überblendungsmontage (engl. crossfading) © René Groebli
René Groebli, D58, Portrait of the painter Aja Iskander Schmidlin, 1970 © René Groebli
CHAUSSEE 36 | RENÉ GROEBLI »Farbzauberer / Master of Color«, exhibition poster, photo © René Groebli

Groebli’s works not only push boundaries in terms of content but also with regard to the medium of photography, attesting to its mutability. For Groebli, it is about “translating ideas in a young and thus surprising medium: To think, steer and stage color.” (Hans-Michael Koetzle)

The darkroom in particular played an important role for the artist. His images were not created primarily at the moment of taking the picture, but rather through what could amount to hours of editing, using a wide variety of techniques. What is achieved through Photoshop and a few mouse clicks today, Groebli realized in analogue form years before digitalization. In this way he created ever new compositions of visual motifs and colors, montages with unconventional, associative perspectives.

The exhibition presents the different techniques that the artist used in his color photographs. With colored light, for example, Groebli transformed somber factories and their technical operations into unique and unexpected places. By using color in a subjective way, he created particular atmospheres or underscored the deeper message of his images. Particularly striking are his color portraits, which are limited to a few bold colors. In this case, the dye transfer process is used to break down the images by means of color separation into individual primary colors, which can be influenced and manipulated separately. “This can be done through special masking, mechanical or photographic screening, and changing the structure, through inversion, solarization, switching colors or visual elements, etc.” (René Groebli)

The photographs are reminiscent of Andy Warhol’s screenprints, which were made around the same time. Other portraits by Groebli look like paintings or reliefs. His portrait of Aja Iskander Schmidlin, for example, depicts the painter as if he had painted his own self-portrait with a paintbrush. For yet other works – such as René Groebli’s New York series – the artist constructed a “box of wonders” in which he used semi-transparent mirrors and lighting to combine several photographs into one image.
Text: Mona Mathé

Simultaneous exhibition at CHAUSSEE 36:
»EROS & PHOTOGRAPHY – Part I: Behind Desire«

MONAT DER FOTOGRAFIE-OFF BERLIN 2020
Part of MONAT DER FOTOGRAFIE-OFF BERLIN 2020
Oct 15 — Nov 30, 2020
Chaussee 36 Photography

Oct 16, 2020 — Jan 23, 2021

Chausseestraße 36, 10115 Berlin
[District: Mitte | Borough: Mitte]

Opening hours: Thu – Sun 1 – 6 pm

Admission: 7 € / reduced 5 €. Entrance to the exhibitions through the courtyard; admission to the exhibition Behind Desire for ages 18 and older.

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PiB Guide Nº55 JULY/AUG 2024 © PiB (Photography in Berlin). COVER PHOTO: PiB Guide Nº55 JULY/AUG 2024 © PiB (Photography in Berlin). COVER PHOTO: Harf Zimmermann, Palast der Republik, Berlin 2005 © Harf Zimmermann, courtesy Collection de Gambs. Group show »Berlin, Berlin – 20 Jahre Helmut Newton Stiftung« at the Helmut Newton Foundation in Berlin-Charlottenburg. +++ PiB Guide Editor / V.i.S.d.P. / Art Direction: Julia Schiller & Oliver Schneider · www.ele-studio.de +++ Printed on 100% recycling paper in Berlin-Köpenick by altmann-druck, many thanks!

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»PiB — Photography in Berlin« | PiB’s website, PiB’s weekly E-Newsletter, and the bi-monthly published PiB Guide: page 12 & 13 from the PiB Guide Nº15 Nov/Dec 2017; feat. the exhibition Evelyn Hofer »Cities, Interiors, Still Lifes. Photographs 1962 – 1997« at Galerie Springer Berlin; image credits: Queensboro Bridge, New York, 1964 / Coney Island, New York, 1965 / Girl with Bicycle, Dublin, 1966, all 3 photos © Evelyn Hofer, Estate Evelyn Hofer.
»PiB — Photography in Berlin« | PiB’s website, PiB’s weekly E-Newsletter, and the bi-monthly published PiB Guide: page 12 & 13 from the PiB Guide Nº15 Nov/Dec 2017; feat. the exhibition Evelyn Hofer »Cities, Interiors, Still Lifes. Photographs 1962 – 1997« at Galerie Springer Berlin; image credits: Queensboro Bridge, New York, 1964 / Coney Island, New York, 1965 / Girl with Bicycle, Dublin, 1966, all 3 photos © Evelyn Hofer, Estate Evelyn Hofer.

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